Travel in Lithuania: Vilnius and the Republic of Užupis

After ringing in the new year in Riga, I caught a coach bus to Vilnius, Lithuania.

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St. Anne’s Church in Vilnius

Cost: 5 euro for the four-hour journey with Lux Express

The bus station is conveniently located next to the Riga Central Market, which has lots of cheap to-go items, like this kartupelu pica, a.k.a potato pizza.24608427107_d6b1cbc6c1_zI liked how many of the Latvian words sounded similar to their English counterpart (citronu=citrus)24608427297_33769ee306_zUpon arrival in Vilnius, I took a free walking tour, where I learned many facts about Lithuania that make it unique from the other Baltic States.38766609354_1c4ecdafd2_zFor starters, there’s the language. Lithuanian is one of the oldest languages in the world, and closely resembles ancient Sanskrit. That being said, our guide joked that many words sound like English words with an ‘as/us‘ added on to the end of them. (i.e. tortas, idealus, mobilus, kristus, Bradas Pittas…and the list goes on and on! Hah! (tort, ideal, mobile, Christ, Brad Pitt)  😂😂😂38766583774_9a5123a665_zNow there are also many famous celebrities that you wouldn’t realize were Lithuanian. For example, Pink, Charles Bronson and even the fictional character, Hannibal Lecter…although you won’t see that advertised on many billboards. 😲

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street in Vilnius

Fun fact: During the harsh Soviet occupation they didn’t have access to Hollywood movies, so they decided to shoot a few Soviet-style movies here instead. One film’s location was supposed to appear like the continent of South America. Since they didn’t know what South Americans looked like, apparently they just chose the shortest Lithuanians they could find, and covered them in lots of dark make-up. 🤦

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South American-looking courtyard, where many of the movie scenes were filmed

Fun fact: Lithuania is the only country in the world with their own scent, which smells of ginger, raspberry, and sandalwood.

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soaps and fragrances in Vilnius; the national scent is called Lietuvos Kvapas

They also have a unique cuisine, including cepelinai, which is a heavy potato dumpling, filled with minced meat, and topped with sour cream and bacon. It’s supposed to pair well with beer. To me, it seemed like a food coma waiting to happen, so I steered clear, but I did find a nice image to share with all of you. 😉

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courtesy of Google images

What I did try out was this unique little igloo bakery located in the main square of Vilnius.

24608427617_7a418b4186_zThey had some interesting ganache truffles, covered in local flowers, herbs and spices. 38766583564_20ca9439b0_zThey also sold delicious teas, like one I tried with notes of chocolate, cinnamon and orange. Perfect on a chilly night in the city!

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festive night scene in Vilnius

Anyway, on the other hand, just like Latvia and Estonia, Lithuania was one of the last countries to be Christianized, and they have very strong Pagan roots.

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many churches without many followers

The best evidence of this recent Catholic conquest can be found on the Hill of Crosses in Lithuania.

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St. Peter and St. Paul Church in Vilnius

It’s a pilgrimage site, which has over 2,000 crosses, and had been used as a faith support during the harsh Pagan era, and also during the Soviet occupation.

Side note: the Hill of Crosses is 2-3 hours from the capital of Vilnius, so I chose to visit the Hill of Three Crosses instead.

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Hill of Three Crosses

It’s only a 20-minute walk from the city center, over a river, and up a hill. 38766607904_46bbc39214_z
38766592624_fb98c794e5_zIt may not be as impressive as the Hill of Crosses, but I found it to be a peaceful, woodsy site, offering a great panoramic view of the city as well.38766592584_709512d978_zAlso, just like the other Baltic states, they have a devastating history of Soviet and Nazi occupation.

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Lithuanian locals selling their art outside the Saint Paraskeva Orthodox Church

Apparently, 96% of the Jewish population was killed in Lithuania, and almost 100 of their killed synagogues were destroyed, with only one left standing.

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non-Jewish religious buildings dominate the city now instead, including the Jesuit Church of St. Casimir

As well, during the Soviet and Nazi occupation, over 70,000 Lithuanians were deported to work camps in Siberia. 38766609234_57d920fa20_zApparently our tour guide’s grandmother was one of them, and she still keeps an extra loaf of rye bread in a box in her cupboard, in case she is suddenly forced to leave again for Siberia. It’s devastating to see how trauma affects people around the world.

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traditional Lithuanian folk dolls

Anyway, as a result of this harsh oppression, the country of Lithuania created something very inspiring and unique when they finally became independent.

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entering the Republic of Užupis (rules: slow down, appreciate art, and smile) 🙂

Užupis is an independent republic of Lithuania, which was created by a group of local artists.

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colorful street art in Uzupis
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artistic statues in Užupis

Fun fact: the have an anonymous swing foundation here, which randomly installs swings around the city. 💗 That’s enough to make anyone smile! 😊 38823984834_fc53196560_zDon’t underestimate them though. The Republic of Uzupis has its own president, a 12-man army, a flag, and a constitution, which they created at this local bar. The bar is now the Republic’s parliament, and sometimes called a ‘barliament.’ 😂 🍺

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‘barliament’ of Uzupis 🍺

There is even a street in Uzupis that is dedicated to notable artists and writers.

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Literatų gatvė a.k.a literature street

Heck, the republic even recognizes Jesus as the original backpacker.39444921162_9b86ac93c9_zAnyway, the republic is obviously not taken very seriously on an international level. You can at least understand why it was created though, in an effort to provide comedic relief after such harsh oppression. Their cause is really quite admirable, and their constitution is definitely something I could stand for! ❤

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favorite principles include: everyone has the right to be unique, everyone has the right to make mistakes, and a cat is not obliged to love its owner, but you still must take care of it Hah! 🐱 💗

Sadly though, this area is now becoming incredibly trendy, and is experiencing a wave of gentrification.

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trendy boutique in Užupis

This means that prices here as escalating, and many artists are being forced out of the neighborhood. I guess only time will tell what the future of Užupis holds.

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beautiful Lithuanian mermaid, who bids adieu to visitors leaving the city

Anyway, as an American, I found it interesting to learn about our diplomatic relations with this country as well. Historically, the U.S. has always supported Baltic independence, and has never recognized the Soviet occupation of Lithuania as legitimate. As such, America is seen very positively by the majority of Lithuanians.

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George Bush came here and said, “Anyone who would choose Lithuania as an enemy has also made an enemy of the U.S.” They were so excited to hear this that they turned it into a plaque. Sadly though, Bush visited 4 or 5 other countries right after, and said exactly those same words. They didn’t feel so special anymore. :/

That being said, it is obvious that the current national leader and his suspected Soviet relations are not sitting well with the people of Lithuania.

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Trump and Putin getting hot and heavy

Anyway, overall I found Lithuania to be an incredibly interesting country, with a troubled past, and a refreshingly positive outlook on the future. It’s definitely a country I’d like to come back and explore further! I guess that’ll have to wait until next time. 😉

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funky street art in Vilnius

Anyway, now that I’ve returned from the Baltic States, I’m preparing for my next big adventure. Stay tuned to hear all about it! Until then! 😀

Where to Stay:

While in Vilnius I stayed at HostelGate for an incredibly cheap 8 Euros/night. The building had a very unique layout, with an old fireplace in the dorm room, and a strange spiral staircase leading to the communal kitchen/attic. The staff there was super friendly though, and I’d highly recommend them for an affordable short-term stay. 👍 38797101314_511819c8ed_zGetting Around: Aside from the incredibly walkable city center, where public transit was not required, I did take the train to the airport. The journey took a whole seven minutes, and cost 0.70 Euro! ❤
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6 thoughts on “Travel in Lithuania: Vilnius and the Republic of Užupis

    1. Hi Irene, according to my guide, it appeared that Lithuania was under control by both the Nazis, as well as, the Soviets during the 1940s. I could make a clarification and say that “during the Nazi and Soviet occupation…” Thanks for the question!

      Liked by 1 person

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